Tools for Delegated Administration
AD DS provides powerful options for delegating administrative tasks and assigning only the precise permissions that users need to have to perform specific tasks. To complement this delegation, Windows Server 2008 also makes it easy to develop administrative tools that fit the user’s task. For example, if you delegate the right to reset passwords for a single OU, you can also provide a very simple administrative tool that can only be used to reset passwords in the specified OU. Windows Server 2008 provides the ability to create a customized view of the Microsoft Management Console (MMC) administrative snap-in in order to allow delegated administrators effective tools to complete their tasks.
Customizing the Microsoft Management Console
One option for developing an administrative tool is to create a customized MMC using one of the default snap-ins and then modify what the user can see in the MMC.
To create the customized MMC, open the Run dialog box and type mmc. This opens an empty MMC. From the File menu, add the appropriate Active Directory administrative tool snap-in. If you create a custom MMC using the Active Directory Users And Computers snap-in, you would then expand the domain and locate the container object where you have delegated permissions. In the left pane, right-click on the container object and select New Window From Here.
This opens a new window with just the container object and all child objects visible. You can then switch back to the window that displays the entire domain and close the window. Finally, save the administrative tool and provide it to the users, who will administer only the part of the domain that is visible in the MMC. The MMC can be provided to the user in a number of ways. For example, you may install the MMC on his or her desktop, or you may create a shortcut to the administrative tool on a network share.
To make sure that the administrators do not modify the custom MMC after you have given it to them, you can modify the MMC options by selecting Options from the File menu. You can configure the MMC to be saved in User Mode and modify the permissions on the MMC so that the end user cannot save any changes to the MMC. Figure 9-18 shows the interface. For full details on how to create customized MMCs, see Windows Help And Support.
Figure 9-18 Configuring a custom MMC to prevent changes to the MMC.