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Setting Up the Document Structure in HTML5

Key Points

In this chapter, you learned how to create the overall structure of a document and how to divide it into head and body sections. You learned how to create paragraphs and how to add a page title. Here are the key points to remember from this chapter:

  • To specify HTML5 as the document type, type <!DOCTYPE html> at the beginning of the file.

  • All the HTML coding in a document (except the DOCTYPE) is enclosed within a two-sided <html> tag.

  • The <html> and </html> tags enclose the <head> and <body> sections.

  • The <head> area contains the page title (<title>) and any <meta> tags. The <body> area contains all the displayable text for the page.

  • Enclose each paragraph in a two-sided <p> tag. Most browsers add space between paragraphs when displaying the page.

  • To create a line break without starting a new paragraph, use the one-sided <br> tag.

  • When coding for XHTML, end one-sided tags with a space and a slash (/). The space is required for recognition in HTML, and the slash is necessary for recognition in XHTML.

  • Use the <title> and </title> tags to enclose the text that should display in the browser’s title bar. Place these in the <head> section of the file.

  • Use <meta> tags in the <head> section to indicate keywords and the document encoding language.