Modify the Structure and Appearance of Text in Microsoft Word 2016
Apply character formatting
The appearance of your document helps to convey not only the document’s message but also information about the document’s creator—you. A neatly organized document that contains consistently formatted content and appropriate graphic elements, and that doesn’t contain spelling or grammatical errors, invokes greater confidence in your ability to provide any product or service.
Earlier in this chapter, you learned about methods of applying formatting to paragraphs. This topic covers methods of formatting the text of a document. Formatting that you apply to text is referred to as character formatting. In Word documents, you can apply three types of character formatting:
- Individual character formats including font, font size, bold, italic, underline, strikethrough, subscript, superscript, font color, and highlight color
- Artistic text effects that incorporate character outline and fill colors
- Preformatted styles associated with the document template, many of which convey structural information (such as titles and headings)
When you enter text in a document, it is displayed in a specific font. By default, the font used for text in a new blank document is 11-point Calibri, but you can change the font of any element at any time. The available fonts vary from one computer to another, depending on the apps installed.
You can vary the look of a font by changing the following attributes:
- Size Almost every font has a range of sizes you can select from. (Sometimes you can set additional sizes beyond those listed.) The font size is measured in points, from the top of the ascenders to the bottom of the descenders. A point is approximately 1/72 of an inch (about 0.04 centimeters).
- Style Almost every font has a range of font styles. The most common are regular (or plain), italic, bold, and bold italic.
- Effects Fonts can be enhanced by applying effects, such as underlining, small capital letters (small caps), or shadows.
- Character spacing You can alter the spacing between characters by pushing them apart or squeezing them together.
Although some attributes might cancel each other out, they are usually cumulative. For example, you might use a bold font style in various sizes and various shades of green to make words stand out in a newsletter.
You apply character formatting from one of three locations:
Mini Toolbar Several common formatting buttons are available on the Mini Toolbar that appears when you select text.
The Mini Toolbar appears temporarily when you select text, becomes transparent when you move the pointer away from the selected text, and then disappears entirely
Font group on the Home tab This group includes buttons for changing the font and most of the font attributes you are likely to use.
The most common font formatting commands are available on the Home tab
Font dialog box Less-commonly applied attributes such as small caps and special underlining are available from the Font dialog box.
Font attributes that aren’t available on the Home tab can be set here
In addition to applying character formatting to change the look of characters, you can apply predefined text effects (sometimes referred to as WordArt) to a selection to add more zing. The available effects match the current theme colors.
You can apply any predefined effect in the gallery or define a custom effect
These effects are somewhat dramatic, so you’ll probably want to restrict their use to document titles and similar elements to which you want to draw particular attention.
To change the font of selected text
- On the Mini Toolbar or in the Font group on the Home tab, in the Font list, click the font you want to apply.
To change the font size of selected text
Do any of the following on the Mini Toolbar or in the Font group on the Home tab:
- In the Font Size list, click the font size you want to apply.
- In the Font Size box, enter the font size you want to apply (even a size that doesn’t appear in the list). Then press the Enter key.
- To increase the font size in set increments, click the Increase Font Size button, or press Ctrl+>.
- To decrease the font size in set increments, click the Decrease Font Size button, or press Ctrl+<.
To format selected text as bold, italic, or underlined
Do any of the following:
- On the Mini Toolbar, click the Bold, Italic, or Underline button.
- On the Home tab, in the Font group, click the Bold, Italic, or Underline button.
- Press Ctrl+B to format the text as bold.
- Press Ctrl+I to format the text as italic.
- Press Ctrl+U to underline the text.
To cross out selected text by drawing a line through it
- On the Home tab, in the Font group, click the Strikethrough button.
To display superscript or subscript characters
- Select the characters you want to reposition.
On the Home tab, in the Font group, do either of the following:
- Click the Subscript button to shift the characters to the bottom of the line.
- Click the Superscript button to shift the characters to the top of the line.
To apply artistic effects to selected text
On the Home tab, in the Font group, click the Text Effects and Typography button, and then do either of the following:
- In the gallery, click the preformatted effect combination that you want to apply.
- On the menu, click Outline, Shadow, Reflection, Glow, Number Styles, Ligatures, or Stylistic Sets. Then make selections on the submenus to apply and modify those effects.
To change the font color of selected text
- On the Home tab, in the Font group, click the Font Color arrow to display the Font Color menu.
- In the Theme Colors or Standard Colors palette, select a color swatch to apply that color to the selected text.
To change the case of selected text
Do either of the following:
- On the Home tab, in the Font group, click the Change Case button, and then click Sentence case, lowercase, UPPERCASE, Capitalize Each Word, or tOGGLE cASE.
- Press Shift+F3 repeatedly to cycle through the standard case options (Sentence case, UPPERCASE, lowercase, and Capitalize Each Word).
To highlight text
Select the text you want to change, and then do either of the following in the Mini Toolbar or in the Font group on the Home tab:
- Click the Text Highlight Color button to apply the default highlight color.
- Click the Text Highlight Color arrow, and then click a color swatch to apply the selected highlight color and change the default highlight color.
Without first selecting text, do either of the following:
- Click the Text Highlight Color button to select the default highlight color.
- Click the Text Highlight Color arrow, and then click a color swatch to select that highlight color.
- When the pointer changes to a highlighter, drag it across one or more sections of text to apply the highlight.
- Click the Text Highlight Color button or press the Esc key to deactivate the highlighter.
To copy formatting to other text
- Click anywhere in the text that has the formatting you want to copy.
On the Home tab, in the Clipboard group, do either of the following:
- If you want to apply the formatting to only one target, click the Format Painter button once.
- If you want to apply the formatting to multiple targets, double-click the Format Painter button.
- When the pointer changes to a paintbrush, click or drag across the text you want to apply the copied formatting to.
- If you activated the Format Painter for multiple targets, repeat step 3 until you finish applying the formatting. Then click the Format Painter button once, or press the Esc key, to deactivate the tool.
To repeat the previous formatting command
- Select the text to which you want to apply the repeated formatting.
Do either of the following to repeat the previous formatting command:
- On the Quick Access Toolbar, click the Repeat button.
- Press Ctrl+Y.
To open the Font dialog box
Do either of the following:
- On the Home tab, in the Font group, click the Font dialog box launcher.
- Press Ctrl+Shift+F.
To remove character formatting
- Select the text you want to clear the formatting from.
Do any of the following:
- Press Ctrl+Spacebar to remove only manually applied formatting (and not styles).
On the Home tab, in the Font group, click the Clear All Formatting button to remove all styles and formatting other than highlighting from selected text.
- On the Home tab, in the Font group, click the Text Highlight Color arrow and then, on the menu, click No Color to remove highlighting.
To change the character spacing
- Select the text you want to change.
- Open the Font dialog box, and then click the Advanced tab to display character spacing and typographic features.
- In the Spacing list, click Expanded or Condensed.
- In the adjacent By box, set the number of points you want to expand or condense the character spacing.
- In the Font dialog box, click OK.