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MCTS 70-680 Rapid Review: Installing, Upgrading, and Migrating to Windows 7

Contents
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  1. Objective 1.1: Perform a clean installation
  2. Objective 1.2: Upgrade to Windows 7 from previous versions of Windows
  3. Objective 1.3: Migrate user profiles
  4. Answers

Objective 1.2: Upgrade to Windows 7 from previous versions of Windows

This objective requires you to demonstrate that you know the conditions under which it is possible to upgrade from Windows Vista to Windows 7, from Windows XP to Windows 7, and when it is possible to upgrade one edition of Windows 7 to another edition.

Exam need to know

  • Upgrading from Windows Vista

    For example: How to know which versions of Windows 7 you can upgrade to on a computer running the x86 version of Windows Vista Business edition.

  • Migrating from Windows XP

    For example: How to know which steps to take to migrate from Windows XP to Windows 7.

  • Upgrading from one edition of Windows 7 to another edition of Windows 7

    For example: How to know how to use Windows Anytime Upgrade to upgrade from one edition of Windows 7 to another.

Upgrading from Windows Vista

You need to know the conditions under which you can upgrade a computer running Windows Vista to Windows 7.

True or False? You can upgrade from Windows Vista Business (x64) to Windows 7 Enterprise (x64).

Answer: True. It is only possible to perform upgrades from specific editions of Windows Vista to specific editions of Windows 7. You can upgrade Windows Vista to Windows 7 under the following conditions:

  • You can only upgrade to a version of Windows 7 that has the same processor. You can upgrade from an x86 version of Windows Vista to an x86 version of Windows 7 and from an x64 version of Windows Vista to an x64 version of Windows 7. You can’t upgrade from an x86 version of Windows Vista to an x64 version of Windows 7 or from an x64 version of Windows Vista to an x86 version of Windows 7.

  • You can’t upgrade from one language version to another (for example, from a Russian version of Windows Vista to an English version of Windows 7).

  • You can upgrade from Windows Vista Home Basic to the Home Basic, Home Premium, and Ultimate editions of Windows 7.

  • You can upgrade from Windows Vista Home Premium to the Home Premium and Ultimate editions of Windows 7.

  • You can upgrade from Windows Vista Business to the Professional, Enterprise, and Ultimate editions of Windows 7.

  • You can upgrade from Windows Vista Enterprise to the Enterprise edition of Windows 7.

  • You can upgrade from Windows Vista Ultimate to the Ultimate edition of Windows 7.

True or False? Upgrading from Windows Vista to Windows 7 will retain applications and data.

Answer: True. Upgrading from Windows Vista to Windows 7 has the benefit of retaining applications and data without having to perform a complex migration process using a tool such as the User State Migration Tool (USMT). Prior to upgrading, you should run the Windows 7 Upgrade Advisor. This is an application you can download from Microsoft’s website that can check to determine whether there are any known compatibility issues with applications or hardware. A similar check is performed when you run the actual upgrade to Windows 7.

True or False? You choose Custom on the What Type Of Installation Do You Want? page when upgrading a computer from Windows Vista to Windows 7.

Answer: False. You launch an upgrade to Windows 7 from Windows Vista by running setup.exe from the location in which the installation files are present. You need to be a member of the local Administrators group on the computer running Windows Vista to successfully perform an upgrade. Inserting the DVD installation media into the DVD-ROM drive or connecting the USB installation media will also launch a screen from which you can begin the upgrade. When performing an upgrade to Windows 7, ensure that you choose the Upgrade installation option rather than the Custom installation option. You choose the Custom installation option only in dual-boot scenarios. Prior to starting the upgrade, ensure that the following conditions are met:

  • You have upgraded Windows Vista to Service Pack 1 or later.

  • The volume on which Windows Vista is installed has at least 10 GB of free disk space.

You can roll back a failed upgrade at any point in the process up until you perform a successful logon to the Windows 7 operating system.

Migrating from Windows XP

You need to know which steps to take to configure a computer running Windows XP so that Windows 7 is the sole operating system.

True or False? You can directly upgrade a computer running Windows XP to Windows 7.

Answer: False. It is not possible to upgrade directly from Windows XP to Windows 7. You can perform a migration in which you replace the Windows XP operating system with the Windows 7 operating system. If you have an extra disk or can create a separate partition with an appropriate amount of disk space, you can configure the computer to dual boot.

Prior to beginning the migration process, make a complete backup of the computer running Windows XP. Use the Windows 7 Upgrade Advisor to determine whether existing devices and applications will function with Windows 7. Even though you’ll be installing a separate operating system, the migration process assumes that you will be reinstalling the same applications that were running on the computer running Windows XP on the computer running Windows 7. Use Windows Easy Transfer to save important files and settings if performing a small number of migrations. Use the USMT if you need to perform a large number of migrations. You’ll learn more about migrating data later in this chapter.

True or False? You choose Upgrade on the What Type Of Installation Do You Want? page when migrating a computer from Windows XP to Windows 7.

Answer: False. To transition a computer running Windows XP as its sole operating system to Windows 7 as its sole operating system, perform the following steps:

  1. If you are migrating to an x86 version of Windows 7, log on to Windows XP with an account that has local administrative rights and perform one of the following steps:

    • If you have purchased Windows 7 from Microsoft’s online store and downloaded the installation file, double-click that file to trigger Windows 7 Setup.

    • If you have a specially prepared USB storage device that hosts the Windows 7 installation files, connect this device to the computer. This should trigger Windows 7 Setup. If it does not, open setup.exe directly from the device.

    • If you have a Windows 7 installation DVD-ROM, place it in the DVD-ROM drive. This should trigger Windows 7 Setup. If it does not, open setup.exe directly from the device.

  2. On the Install Windows page, click Install Now.

  3. Proceed through the Get Important Updates For Installation page and the Please Read The License Terms page.

  4. On the Which Type Of Installation Do You Want? page, choose Custom.

  5. Choose the disk partition that hosts the Windows XP installation.

  6. In the Windows.old dialog box, click OK.

  7. Continue the installation as normal.

If you want to install the x64 version of Windows 7, boot from the installation media and then follow steps 2 to 7.

Upgrading from one edition of Windows 7 to another edition of Windows 7

You need to know the possible upgrade paths available using Windows Anytime Upgrade.

True or False? You can use Windows Anytime Upgrade to upgrade from Windows 7 Professional to Windows 7 Enterprise.

Answer: False. You can use Windows Anytime Upgrade to upgrade from certain editions of Windows 7 to editions with more features. Windows Anytime Upgrade involves running the application and entering the new edition’s license key if you have one available or going online to purchase a key. You can’t use Windows Anytime Upgrade to do the following:

  • Upgrade from an x86 edition to an x64 edition.

  • Upgrade from an x64 edition to an x86 edition.

  • Upgrade to or from Windows 7 Enterprise.

You can use Windows Anytime Upgrade to perform the following edition upgrades:

  • Windows 7 Home Basic to Home Premium, Professional, and Ultimate editions

  • Windows 7 Home Premium to Professional and Ultimate editions

  • Windows 7 Professional to Ultimate editions

  • Starter to Home Premium, Professional, and Ultimate editions

Can you answer these questions?

You can find the answers to these questions at the end of the chapter.

  1. You want to upgrade your organization’s computers from Windows Vista to Windows 7. What prerequisites should the computers running Windows Vista meet before you attempt the upgrade?

  2. Your organization has Windows Vista Enterprise (x64) deployed. To which versions and editions of Windows 7 can you upgrade?

  3. You have a computer running the x64 version of Windows 7 Home Premium. Which editions of Windows 7 can you upgrade to using Windows Anytime Upgrade?

  4. Which tool should you use to determine whether any hardware or applications installed on a computer running Windows Vista have compatibility problems with Windows 7?