The 5 Principles and 10 Building Blocks of Persuasive Visual Storytelling
- By Cliff Atkinson
- Introducing the BBP Story Template
- The Five Principles of Visual Storytelling
- Principle 1: Nail Down the Story Before the Slides
- Principle 2: Reformat Your Information for a Yes-No Decision
- Principle 3: Start with No to Get to Yes
- Principle 4: Always Keep the End In Mind
- Principle 5: Think Like a Storyboard
- The 10 Building Blocks of a Persuasive Storyboard
- Building Blocks 1-4: The Hook, The Relevance, The Challenge, and The Desire
- Building Blocks 5-7: The Map, The Anchors, and The Explanation
- Building Blocks 8-10: The Headlines, The Visuals, and The Flow
- Sketching the First Five Slides
- Sketching the Remaining Slides
- Applying Custom Layouts
- Adding Graphics to the First Five Slides
- Adding Graphics to the Remaining Slides
- Stepping Into the Screen
- Documenting the Experience
- Getting Started with the BBP Story Template
- Writing Headlines Using Three Ground Rules
Writing Headlines Using Three Ground Rules
Everything you do in your presentation from this point forward will build on the headlines you write in your story template. To make your headlines as effective as possible, review the three important ground rules that apply to every statement you write.
Guideline 1: Write Concise, Complete Sentences with a Subject and a Verb in Active Voice
To effectively communicate your message consistently and clearly through your entire story, your headlines must be complete sentences with a subject and a verb. Write the sentences in active voice—for example, “Our top competitors launched five new products last quarter” rather than in the passive voice, “Five new products were launched by our top competitors last quarter.” Keep your language dynamic and direct; the same principles, techniques, and rules that define good writing also define good headlines in your template.
Writing headlines in the form of complete sentences imposes discipline on your ideas by forcing you to turn them into coherent thoughts and removes any ambiguity. Later, when you import your headlines into the title area of your slides, your audience will not doubt what you want to communicate because they can read it for themselves at the top of each slide. Write your headlines using sentence case, with the initial word capitalized and the rest in lowercase.
When you write your headlines for Act I, constrain them to only one line that fills the width of the cell without extending to a second line. The columns in your template for Act II are narrower, so you can extend those headlines to a maximum of about two and a half lines. Constraining your headlines to these limits keeps you from being wordy and ensures that your headlines will fill a maximum of two lines when you send them to the title area of your PowerPoint slides.
Guideline 2: Be Clear, Direct, Specific, and Conversational
Each statement in your story template will speak directly to your audience when it fills the title area of a slide, so use a conversational tone that is simple, clear, and direct. Say what you mean in plain language. When you make your point, include the details that give it specificity, color, and impact. Tailor your words to the level of understanding of everyone in the audience and place nothing in the headline that is not in the audience’s vocabulary.
The point of the headline is to help your audience understand your point as efficiently as possible—if you use words unfamiliar to them, you create obstacles to understanding, and they will wonder what the individual words mean instead of attending to the overall message. If everyone in your audience has a clear prior understanding of the technical language you are using, you can use more complex language.
When you write your headlines, imagine that you are addressing a few members of your audience sitting in chairs next to your desk. Because you’re simply having a conversation, your voice should be relaxed and casual—not tense and formal. This conversational tone will help you keep your headlines from getting wordy. Later, when your audience reads your headlines in the title area of your slides, the conversational tone will help them feel more relaxed and open to your ideas. Although presenters might assume formal language gives them more authority, research shows people learn better when information is presented in a conversational style rather than a formal style.
Guideline 3: Link Your Ideas Across Cells
As you’ll see later, you’ll be breaking up complicated ideas into smaller pieces as you write your thoughts in the cells of the story template. As you do that, make sure that you link your ideas so that they flow to one another as you read them across the cells. By choosing a consistent tense across all headlines, you’ll create a more dynamic, in-the-moment feeling to your story. Also, link your ideas by using a parallel sentence structure across cells, which keeps everything sounding clear and coherent.
Now that you’ve prepared your story template and reviewed the ground rules, it’s time to get specific and start with the beginning—the first and most important slides of your presentation.